Nuclear Policy News

Nuclear Policy News - September 12, 2017

Nuclear Policy News – September 12, 2017

TOP NEWS

Oil will keep flowing, but UN sanctions hit North Korea hard
Associated Press

N. Korea condemns sanctions, warns U.S. of ‘greatest pain’
Yonhap News Agency

Amano says Iran is implementing nuclear deal
Tehran Times

How Russia quietly undercuts sanctions intended to stop North Korea’s nuclear program
Washington Post

EAST ASIA

Oil will keep flowing, but UN sanctions hit North Korea hard
Associated Press
9/12/17
Though the United States had proposed a complete ban, the sanctions by the U.N. Security Council to punish North Korea for its sixth nuclear test cap Pyongyang’s annual imports of crude oil at the same level they have been for the past 12 months: an estimated 4 million barrels. Exports of North Korean textiles are prohibited, and other nations are barred from authorizing new work permits for North Korean workers, putting a squeeze on two key sources of hard currency.

N. Korea condemns sanctions, warns U.S. of ‘greatest pain’
Yonhap News Agency
9/12/17
North Korea on Tuesday condemned the U.N. Security Council's new sanctions resolution and warned the United States that it will face the "greatest pain" for leading the action, according to a news report.

Japan, S Korea welcome new UN sanctions on North Korea, China calls for dialogue
Hindustan Times
9/12/17
Japan and South Korea said after the passage of the US-drafted Security Council resolution they were prepared to apply more pressure if Pyongyang refused to end its aggressive development of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles.

IAEA says indications show DPRK’s nuclear reactor could be operating
Xinhua
9/11/17
In a statement to the board [of] governors meeting in Vienna, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said it was concerned over the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK)'s latest nuclear test. "There were indications at the Yongbyon Experimental Nuclear Power Plant suggesting that the reactor was being operated. At the Yongbyon Nuclear Fuel Rod Fabrication Plant, there were indications consistent with the use of the reported centrifuge enrichment facility," said Yukiya Amano, head of IAEA.

MIDDLE EAST

Egypt unwavering to US pressure over North Korea
Al-Monitor
9/11/17
The ongoing cooperation between Egypt and North Korea under Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has led Washington to reiterate calls on Egypt to freeze such ties. This comes amid leaks that the US State Department's suspension of military aid to the Egyptian government was not linked to Egypt’s human rights record as stated, but to these specific ties, especially at the military level, as Pyongyang failed to respond to US pressure not to conduct a long-range missile test. 

Amano says Iran is implementing nuclear deal
Tehran Times
9/11/17
Yukiya Amano, chief of the United Nations’ International Atomic Energy Agency, reconfirmed on Monday that Iran is honoring its commitments under the 2015 nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

RUSSIA/FSU/EUROPE

How Russia quietly undercuts sanctions intended to stop North Korea’s nuclear program
Washington Post
9/11/17
Russian smugglers are scurrying to the aid of North Korea with shipments of petroleum and other vital supplies that could help that country weather harsh new economic sanctions, U.S. officials say in an assessment that casts further doubt on whether financial measures alone can force dictator Kim Jong Un to abandon his nuclear weapons program.

Schroeder: S. Korea should keep door open for dialogue with N. Korea
Yonhap News Agency
9/12/17
Former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder advised South Korea Tuesday to continue efforts to bring North Korea to dialogue and resolve the nuclear issues peacefully and diplomatically.

SOUTH ASIA

India’s second indigenous nuclear submarine to be launched soon
Economic Times
9/12/17
India's second indigenous nuclear submarine is likely to be launched in less than a month's time, towards the end of September or the beginning of October, government sources said.

U.S. NUCLEAR POLICY

U.S. House committee to hold hearing on N. Korea
Yonhap News Agency
9/12/17
Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, will convene a hearing at 10 a.m. Tuesday to discuss "Sanctions, Diplomacy, and Information: Pressuring North Korea." The hearing will be attended by Susan Thornton, acting assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, and Marshall Billingslea, assistant secretary of the Treasury for terrorism and financial intelligence.

OPINION AND ANALYSIS

What the Iran Deal Can Teach America About North Korea
Defense One, Ariane Tabatabai
9/11/17
The United States shouldn’t make military or diplomatic decisions based solely on what will maintain its credibility. After all, credibility should be a means, not an end in itself. But the United States can’t continue to lead international processes designed to sanction countries and bring them to the table—and thereby avoid using force—without it.

Trump playing a risky game on Iran nuclear deal
CNN, Thomas Countryman
9/11/17
But the Trump administration's approach to Iran is dangerous. Good American foreign policy is not made with alternative facts, but that is all they offer when it comes to rationalizing their approach to Iran -- as we heard Tuesday from Ambassador Haley, who tried to build a case against staying in the deal by citing violations that didn't happen, implying that there are hundreds of suspicious sites left uninspected when there aren't, and brushing off the security concerns of our allies.

Iran deal devotees vain to save a sinking ship
The Hill, John Bolton
9/11/17
Staying in a bad agreement sends confusing signals to the Europeans, who are confused enough already on this issue, about how America intends to address the Iran threat. Similarly, it shows weakness and indecisiveness to Russia and China at precisely the point when President Trump should project clear-eyed resolve.

Time to Accept Reality and Manage a Nuclear-Armed North Korea
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Michael D. Swaine
9/11/17
[P]olicymakers should aim to develop a less urgent, long-term strategy designed to minimize North Korea’s capacity and willingness to utilize those weapons and related technologies in threatening ways, while also continuing to work toward eventual denuclearization. In particular, the United States, China, South Korea, Japan, and Russia must focus not only on deterring and containing Pyongyang through clear, strong, consistent, and common diplomatic and military signals. 

Commentary: The North Korean nuclear ‘crisis’ is an illusion
Reuters, John Mecklin
9/11/17
But even if the North acquires those technical capabilities, the likelihood it might attack the United States with a nuclear missile will remain exceedingly low, for one overriding reason: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un is, as former Obama administration arms control director Jon Wolfsthal has explained in authoritative detail, neither crazy nor suicidal. 

North Korea’s nuclear progress isn’t the only bad news
Japan Times, Ramesh Thakur
9/12/17
Before the revisionists blame it all on the new U.N. treaty banning nuclear weapons, it is worth emphasizing that this crisis point has been reached from entirely within the NPT. The logic of proliferation cascade is built into the logic of nuclear deterrence that evades calls for abolition. For decades some of us have insisted that without disarmament, proliferation is inevitable. Instead of conceding how right we have been proven, already those on the other side claim that North Korea’s nuclearization proves how naive we have been in calling for controlled disarmament. Go figure.

Time to Restrict the President’s Power to Wage Nuclear War
New York Times, Jeffrey Bader and Jonathan D. Pollack
9/12/17
Congress should therefore amend the War Powers Act to cover the possibility of preventive or pre-emptive nuclear strikes. This would ensure that the president could not simply provide the codes to his military aide carrying the nuclear “football” and launch such an attack on his own authority.

These Women Are the Last Thing Standing Between You and Nuclear War
Marie Claire, Danielle McNally
9/8/17
At any given moment, 90 missileers are sitting on alert, or "pulling crew," as it's known in Air Force parlance. Though women are notoriously underrepresented in the U.S. Military, the Air Force is better at gender equality than the other branches—there's a disproportionally high number of women in this role. By March 2016, the Air Force had enough of them to schedule an all-female alert.

North Korea: In Deterrence We Trust
The Diplomat, James Acton
9/12/17
The right question is not whether North Korea can be deterred, but rather how the risks of trying to do so compare to the risks of the alternative – a preventative war. When these risks are weighed up, deterrence turns out to be the less dangerous option.

 

Friday's Top Nuclear Policy News

TOP NEWS

North Korea Hits New Level of Brinksmanship in Reacting to Trump
New York Times

Defying Trump, Iran says will boost missile capabilities
Reuters

US Urges All Nations to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons
US News and World Report

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